Grocery basket is not for a commoner.Food basket in Russia rose by 25%
22 мая 2017 года
Food basket in Russia rose by an average of 25%. Significantly increased the prices of fish, meat, sweets. The Russians began more actively to grow vegetables on their allotments.
Food basket in Russia continues to rise. According to the Federal state statistics service, in March the cost of the minimum set of food products in Russia amounted to 3 771,9 thousand rubles. Over the month prices rose 0.7%.
The cost of a set of foodstuff in Moscow in the end of March has reached 4 thousand 577,9 rubles (the growth from the beginning of the year to 2.8%), and in St. Petersburg — 602,9 4 thousand roubles (growth from the beginning of year — 3,4%).
Since the beginning of the “counter-sanctions” basket rose even more dramatically. Recall that the EU and USA imposed sanctions against a number of individuals and organizations in 2014 after joining the Crimea to Russia. In response Russia on 6 August established the food embargo, banning the importation of certain products from USA, EU countries, Canada, Australia and Norway. Later its effect is extended to Albania, Montenegro, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Ukraine.
Then for a month the price of the minimum set of products in the country increased on average by 25%. In the two largest cities of Russia the situation was even worse. In August 2014 the rising prices of food basket in Moscow was 29%, and in Petersburg — 31,7%.
The minimum food set Rosstat consists of 33 items.
Thus, it is believed that every year the Russians should consume: beef 15 kg; pork — 4 kg; lamb — 1.8 kg; chicken — 14 kg; frozen fish 14 kg; herring — 0.7 kg; butter — 1.8 kg; sunflower oil — 7 kg; margarine — 6 kg; milk — 110 litres of sour cream — 1.8 kg; cheese — 10 kg; cheese — 2.5 kg; eggs — 180 pieces; sugar — 20 kg; flour — 20 kg. of rye bread — 115 kg; bread from wheat flour — 75 kg; rice — 5 kg; millet — 6 kg; peas and beans — 7.3 kg; pasta — 6 kg; potatoes — 150 kg; white cabbage — 35 kg; carrots — 35 kg; cucumbers — 1.8 kg; onions — 20 kg; apples — 18.6 kg; cookies — 0.7 kg; caramel — 0.7 kg; tea — 0.5 kg; salt — 3.6 kg; black pepper — 0.7 kg.
Compare the prices of these products during the period from August 2014 to March 2017. The price of beef in the country increased from 264,7 ruble to ruble 316,3 (+28,2%), pork — 215,93 ruble to 256,8 ruble (+18,9%), chicken — 106.4 ruble to 133,95 rubles (+25.7 per cent), cheese — 344,3 ruble to 474,8 ruble (+37,8%), butter — 342,3 ruble to 508 rubles (+48,4%). Very much thirty-one “sanctioned” the month rose frozen fish — 96 rubles in August 2014 to 149,7 of the ruble in March 2017 (+55,9%). The rising cost of salt herring altogether amounted to 100.9% from 102.4 rubles in August of 2014 to EUR 205.8 ruble in March 2017.
Prices for fruits and vegetables are also grown. However, here the role played by seasonality. In the second half of summer and in autumn the price of vegetables and fruits decreases, and therefore, to compare the prices with the August March is not quite logical. Nevertheless, compared to August 2014, prices for cucumbers increased by 212,3%, potatoes — by 8.7%, cabbage — by 9.3%, on onions — 8,1%, for apples — to 21.8%. Rose significantly sweets: caramel by 53.6%, and biscuits at 36.6%.
Summing up 2016, Russian Academy of national economy and public administration (Ranepa) in his study focuses on the change in sales structure of major groups of food.
Thus, significantly reduced retail sales of fish and seafood — 7.2%, vegetable oils — 4.6%, and dairy drinks — 5,9%, canned meat — by 4.4%. In annual terms (February 2017 to February 2016), consumer prices rose by 4.6%. Moreover, the representatives of Ranepa note that, despite the overall decrease in retail trade in food products in two groups was observed a significant increase of fresh vegetables were sold 4% more, and fresh potatoes by 11.8% more than in the previous year.
According to the Executive Director of the National Union of vegetable producers Michael Glushkov, it is not excluded that they based their study on data from the Rosstat, which include information on production of vegetables in private farms. That is, the Russians began to consume more of the fact that they raised themselves in their beds.
“We are seeing a drop in the consumption of expensive commodities. This is a reaction to rising prices. People just vote with their pocketbooks. When the cabbage goes somewhere 250 rubles, nobody buys. The price starts to fall. On the contrary, if the potatoes are in the shops there are on the stock 5 rubles per kilogram, it is increasingly to buy. But we can’t say that the Russians began to switch to vegetables,” — said Glushkov.
According to experts, the main problem of the domestic vegetable market is the absence of storage facilities. To store potatoes, onions, carrots nowhere. Because of this fall has to sell vegetables “at bargain prices”. These sales affect the average price. From late March to the country are beginning to put more expensive imported potatoes.
Former Director of Russian Institute of plant im. Vavilov, academician, Professor Viktor Dragavtsev said that about 80% of Russian potatoes are really produced in suburban areas. It lands on the shelves of large chain stores. “Networkers” sign multi-year contracts with foreign producers of potatoes. According to experts, at present, will increase the consumption of potatoes, but not the one that purchased in stores.
“Potato is the second bread of Russia. Now food prices are rising enormously. Many have simply unaffordable for retirees. Remember, looked like the plots in the 90-ies. They were all planted with potatoes. In the “zero” standard of living has increased. In the cottages where once grew potatoes began to break up the flower beds. After the financial crisis, which we are pleased, after sanctions once again we have all the garden plots were planted with potatoes. This is the right direction. People today are more profitable to grow your own vegetables, purchase them from a neighbor, in the market, but not in the store,” Dragavtsev said.
Market expert meat Institute for agricultural market studies (IKAR) Anna Kudryakova suggests a weak buying activity in the market of poultry meat, pork and beef. The price of wholesale chicken fall from the beginning of the year. In retail chains began discount promotions for meat. But even this does not help the situation. Sales retail no, it’s all about the low purchasing power of the population.
According to retail expert, Retail Training Group Elena Komkova, producers were able to readjust to the new realities. Changed range of grocery and alcohol market, but these changes are more associated not with the sanctions and General regulation of the industry. The new producers in the fruit and vegetable market has not appeared.
Note that the decline in sales of meat, fish and other products — not the only problem. As reported by “Rosbalt”, in recent years on the shelves has also become more adulterated products.
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